SQLite is a SQL powered relational database that is implemented using a file on disk, rather than a client server. This means that, among other things, you don’t need a standalone process to run a database, and it also makes backups easier.
A few weeks ago, support for sqlite landed into Known.
I put together this patch primarily to scratch my own itch; I was having to set up a lot of Known based for testing as part of client projects, and I needed a way to quickly swap around configuration and data sets. I also figured it’d help out the number of folk out there who run their Known sites on devices like the Raspberry Pi.
Firstly, make sure you’ve got SQLite support built in to php:
apt-get install php5-sqlite
Then, you need to modify your
database = 'Sqlite3'
dbname = '/path/to/sqlite.db'
filesystem = 'local'
uploadpath = '/path/to/upload_directory/
The first two lines tell Known to use SQLite for the backend database, and where this database lives. Note, that this location needs to be writeable by your web server user (usually
www-data) but, for obvious security reasons, should be somewhere outside of your Known docroot, so that it can’t be downloaded!
The last two lines tell Known to use a disk based file store for pictures and other uploads. This is important as the SQLite engine currently doesn’t support file storage in database like the Mongo engine does.
That’s it! Fire up your browser and visit your site. All being well, Known will automatically create the database and set up the schema.
Bug reports and patches to the usual place!