I recently upgraded my webserver to Debian Jessie, which included an upgrade for Apache and PHP. This resulted in a few gotchas…

Mod_python and WSGI don’t play nicely

See my previous post on the subject…

Some PHP extensions not installed

Some PHP extensions didn’t seem to be automatically upgraded/reinstalled (these may have been ones previously only available through PECL), so:

apt-get install php5-gnupg php5-mongo
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

New permissions

Apache 2.4 uses a different permissions (access / deny) arrangement than before, so you need to change these over.

So for example, where you have:

Order deny,allow
Allow from all

You’d now have:

Require all granted

Apache have a good guide here.

Random crashes with XCache

If you have XCache installed, you might start getting random crashes, often with an error about:

“`PHP Fatal error: Cannot redeclare class …“`

This is caused because the installer installs and activates the Zend Opcache module automatically, and you can’t run two opcode caches safely.

php5dismod opcache; /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

I recently upgrade this (and several client servers) over to the latest release of Debian (Debian Jessie). This process went relatively smoothly apart from a couple of gotchas that came when Apache got upgraded.

One of the problems I had is that mod_python and WSGI no longer sit happily together (unless you go through some complicated rebuilding of Python, which I was unwilling to do). I needed WSGI for various things on the server, and seeing as mod_python is viewed as deprecated these days, and I only used it for trac, it made sense to migrate this.

Thankfully, this is relatively straightforward to accomplish.

Create your WSGI script

The first step is to create a python executable called trac.wsgi in your trac home directory, which you then make executable touch trac.wsgi; chown www-data:www-data trac.wsgi; chmod 700 trac.wsgi

The script will look something like:

import os

os.environ['TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR'] = '/path/to/trac/parent/html/'
os.environ['PYTHON_EGG_CACHE'] = '/path/to/trac/parent/cache/'

import trac.web.main
application = trac.web.main.dispatch_request

I use one domain to host all the various trac installs, therefore this one wsgi script needs to power them all. This is what the TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR does. Both TRAC_ENV_PARENT_DIR and PYTHON_EGG_CACHE can take their values from the existing ones you’ve presumably already set in the apache conf (assuming you’ve already got this working with mod_python).

Updating your Apache configuration

Edit your Apache configuration and comment out or remove all the mod_python entries, e.g.

#               SetHandler mod_python
#               PythonInterpreter main_interpreter
#               PythonHandler trac.web.modpython_frontend
#               PythonOption TracEnvParentDir /path/to/trac/parent/html/
#               PythonOption TracUriRoot /
#               PythonOption PYTHON_EGG_CACHE /path/to/trac/parent/cache/

You now need to add a WSGIScriptAlias directive for whatever your TracUriRoot currently is, and modify your Directory statement to add a WSGIApplicationGroup directive, as follows:

WSGIScriptAlias / /path/to/trac/parent/html/trac.wsgi


    WSGIApplicationGroup %{GLOBAL}



Finally, activate your module: apt-get install libapache2-mod-wsgi; a2enmod wsgi