Known has a mechanism for translating text into other languages, and I’ve been working on this recently to try and make this ready for folk to begin adding translations.

When Known boots, it creates a new Language() object on the Idno object for the current language, which is addressable by \Idno\Core\Idno::site()->language();. Your code/plugin can add strings to this object for later use, usually by registering them on the registerTranslations() method hook.

Adding a translation for a language

It is possible to add single strings, one by one, for the current language, however the easiest way to register multiple strings is to extend Idno/Core/Translation for each language you want to translate, and then implement its getStrings() method.

It is then possible to add them all at once for each language (this way, Known will automatically select the appropriate translation for the loaded language).


Using a translation

Once a string has been registered, it is possible to echo the string, and have it translated:


URL unfurling is one of the names given to that funky thing that happens when you paste a web address into a post in Facebook (or other social network) and automatically get a preview of it – an image, the title and maybe some extract text.

This was a much requested technology that was sadly missing from Known for a long time, but for no longer!

In the latest builds you will automatically get URL unfurling occurring in status posts and likes/bookmarks. What’s more, you’ll get a URL preview when you’re editing your post.

Behind the scenes this tool makes use of a number of technologies, notably:

The Unfurling endpoint

This is an endpoint which is called by a client side javascript library.

When passed a URL, this endpoint will attempt to fetch and parse out header tags – title, open graph, facebook and twitter tags. It’ll also attempt to extract certain whitelisted OEmbed endpoints (currently only JSON endpoints are supported).

It will then render out in a pretty way – using oembed as preference, but if that’s not present (or not whitelisted) it’ll use Open Graph, and finally page title and description meta tags if nothing else is found.

Image proxy

If there is an image present in the open graph headers, this will be retrieved by a local caching image proxy. This proxy fetches and saves the image locally so that the remote site doesn’t get hit every time you refresh your page (this also helps protect your privacy).


Writing good software is hard, and often things go wrong in unexpected ways when software is deployed to live. A mantra that I’ve been trying to live by is to “never rely on your users/clients/customers reporting problems”, if anything this should be the absolute last thing to rely on.

I’ve previously talked about how I have been deploying metrics and fault reporting code for all my clients, regardless of what software they’re running, and how I’ve built support for these into Known core.

These reports produce a detailed insight into the code as it runs under real usage, as well as a detailed bug log should something fail. The fault reporting messages in particular have possibly been one of the most useful things I’ve ever done, and have already been responsible for discovering a number of rare failure modes on software that had thus far neither shown up in testing or had been reported.

Today I had a particularly thorny Javascript issue to debug, and it got me thinking about how I could capture javascript errors from client browsers, have errors logged in a central way, and even get metric and fault reporting as I currently do with PHP errors.

Turns out it’s actually quite easy, and in a nutshell you need to:

  • Write an endpoint which will log your error message in the appropriate way, sending a fault report as necessary
  • Write a bit of javascript code to call this endpoint, and listen to an error event, e.g.

The latest build of Known now has support for this: now, Javascript messages will get logged in your normal logs, metrics counted, and if you’ve enabled oops reporting, you’ll get an email when a client triggers a Javascript error.

Hopefully you’ll find this as useful as I have!